In Cambridge First or Cambridge Advanced, you may be asked to create an article. But are you aware why is an article distinctive from other forms of writing?
1 your reader is identified
An article is like a conversation that is direct the reader. The exam question might let you know who your readers are. For example, the learning students at a school, or even the people staying in a town or people who are interested in sports. Everything you write must speak to that reader and engage their interest from the comfort of the sentence that is first.
2 It offers to get attention
if you are anywhere on the net these days, you will end up bombarded with articles with headlines that pull the reader in. It is called “click baiting” and all sorts of the writer is trying to complete is make the page is opened by you to read their article. You will need to think like a journalist if you are writing your article.
Glance at the heading and also the line that is first of article. How did I have your attention?*
3 It has to be interesting
For a write-up to focus, it offers to be engaging enough to read through most of the way through. Remember how bored the examiner must certanly be after reading fifty exam papers. Make it easier for them to get a impression that is good your writing by entertaining them. Add humour, true to life or made up examples, or make up quotes.
4 It has to be easy to read
Use subheadings to break the text up while making clear paragraphs. Write in a semi-informal, conversational style. And then make sure there is certainly organisation to your opinions. The look stage is critical because of this. Spend 5-10 minutes ideas that are brainstorming choose the best 3 or 4. Think exactly what your subheadings might be and then write a short introduction that lets the reader know what you may anticipate.
Keep in mind that you would like your reader to help keep reading, so don’t inform them exactly what they’re going to read. This is not an essay! In an essay you usually restate the question, explain how you would maybe answer it and say why it is necessary. In a write-up, that will kill your reader’s interest.
Look back as of this paragraph. What sentence style have I used that makes it semi-informal and speak directly to your reader?**
5 Write a good ending
In an essay you sum up the points which have gone before and draw a conclusion from that. However in an article, it’s easier to give the reader something to think of, perhaps by asking them another question or giving them a call to action. Often, the most effective endings link back into the point that is starting some way.
Here are two endings i possibly could use because of this article:
- Look at your internet browsing history through the last day. Which articles got your attention? Could you see how they achieved it?
- So, now you know how to write a write-up, why not write one giving advice on something you know about?
Common mistakes students make in articles
- The language is too formal and much more suitable for essays. Avoid words like: to sum up, some social people say, nevertheless, on one hand etc.
- They don’t really use quotes or examples
- They either use not enough, or way too many, questions. The questions, called questions that are rhetorical they don’t really require an answer, should never become more than one per paragraph hop over to this web site. Good examples are:
* A title which makes the topic immediately clear. For some reason, people like reading lists! And a direct, rhetorical question in the first paragraph to help make readers would you like to find the answer out.
** I’ve used the imperative to give instructions. E.g. Think??¦Keep in mind??¦Write??¦Spend??¦
Article contributed by Nicola Prentis who is a teacher and materials writer, situated in Madrid and London. This woman is the writer of Speaking Skills (B2+) – a self study book with Collins.